Title: IPConfig / Netstat / ARP
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Windows Command Prompt


Windows Command Prompt - Ping / TraceRt / NSLookUp (Windows 10)

"CMD, cmd or cmd.exe, also known as Command Prompt, is the command-line interpreter in the OS/2, eComStation, Windows NT, Windows CE, and ReactOS operating systems. It is the counterpart of COMMAND.COM in DOS and Windows 9x systems, and analogous to the Unix shells used on Unix-like systems." - Wikipedia

Welcome to the Command Prompt chapters and all the fun we will be having running commands to help us discover information.

Let's start this chapter with Ping, TraceRt and NSLookUp.

PING

Ping is a computer network administration software utility used to test the reachability of a host on an network. It is available for virtually all operating systems that have networking capability, including most embedded network administration software.

Type ping /? for help to get all of the options of the command. The most popular to me is the -t command that will continue until stopped. It is great to use to see when a rebooted machine comes back up.

The IP address is listed along with the time it takes for round-trip time for the messages being sent. Ping utilizes ICMP (Internet Control Message Protocol) type 8 which is an echo message and type 0 for echo reply.

TRACERT

TraceRoute and TraceRt are computer network diagnostic commands for displaying the route and measuring transit delays of packets across a network.

Type TraceRt /? for help to get all of the options for the command.

One or two asterisks for a hop does not indicate packet loss at the final endpoint. Many routers discard ping or tracert which is called ICMP Rate Limiting which prevents routers from being impacted by denial of service attacks. Request Time Out messages can be common and mostly ignored. The device might not respond to ICMP requests. Request Time Out at the end of a tracert may appear as the destination firewall or other device is blocking the request.

NSLOOKUP

NSLookUp is a network administration command-line tool available in many computer operating systems for querying the Domain Name System to obtain domain name or IP address mapping, or other DNS records.

Type NSLookUp /? for help to get all of the options for the command.

NSLookUp operates in interactive or non-interactive mode. Entering NSLookUp or adding - (minus) to the argument will enter interactive mode. Entering NSLookUp <DOMAIN OR IP ADDRESS> will display non-interactive mode.
Adding -q=mx will find the mail server information for the domain or IP.

Conclusion

Ping, TraceRt and NSLookUp are great tools to use to find any possible networking issues. We will continue to explore other Command Prompt options in the following chapters.

We have covered so far...
CH 1: CMD - Ping / TraceRt / NSLookUp
CH 2: CMD - IPConfig / NetStat / ARP


My Website and Free Tools
WadeBach.com
4/22/2019 - Chapter 1 - Ping / TraceRt / NSLookUp
4/22/2019 - Chapter 2 - IPConfig / Netstat / ARP
4/23/2019 - Chapter 3 - PowerCFG / Shutdown / SystemInfo
4/23/2019 - Chapter 4 - Retrospective III

History

Blockchain Date: 02/25/2022
Owner: Wade Bachelder

Blockchain

WB MSP Module Documentation ConnectWise Control Remote PowerShell Commands ConnectWise Control Remote PowerShell Commands PT 2 ConnectWise Control Remote PowerShell Commands PT 3 ConnectWise Control Remote PowerShell Commands PT 4 ConnectWise Control Remote PowerShell Commands PT 5 ConnectWise Control Remote PowerShell Commands Configuration ConnectWise Control Remote PowerShell DellBiosProvider ConnectWise Control Remote PowerShell Carbon ConnectWise Control Remote PowerShell PSWindowsUpdate The Big 4 Mobile and Browser Support Old School Posting and Searching Images and Analytics Retrospective I Free Open Graph & Twitter Card Meta Data Reader Free Basic Website Meta Tag Generator Free Basic Open Graph & Twitter Card Generator Free Basic Schema Generator (JSON) Meta Tags and Sitemaps Site Optimization Retrospective IV Junk File Tune Up OS Tune Up Hardware Tune Up Malware Tune Up Retrospective II Ping / TraceRt / NSLookUp IPConfig / Netstat / ARP PowerCFG / Shutdown / SystemInfo Retrospective III Category Cable Termination (RJ45) Popular Switch Commands Helpful Websites 30k Angry Printer Bloody Murder Cheating Spouse Come on Bro! Creepy Ex-Husband Incognito Porn Prime Joke Stupid Printer You Should Know Season: 1 Race: 1 Season: 1 Race: 1 Season: 1 Race: 1 Season: 1 Race: 1 Season: 1 Race: 1 Season: 1 Race: 2 Season: 1 Race: 2 Season: 1 Race: 2 Season: 1 Race: 2 Season: 1 Race: 2 Season: 1 Race: 3 Season: 1 Race: 3 Season: 1 Race: 3 Season: 1 Race: 3 Season: 1 Race: 3 Season: 1 Race: 4 Season: 1 Race: 4 Season: 1 Race: 4 Season: 1 Race: 4 Season: 1 Race: 4 Season: 1 Race: 5 Season: 1 Race: 5 Season: 1 Race: 5 Season: 1 Race: 5 Season: 1 Race: 5 Season: 1 Race: 6 Season: 1 Race: 6 Season: 1 Race: 6 Season: 1 Race: 6 Season: 1 Race: 6 Season: 1 Race: 6 Season: 1 Race: 6 Season: 1 Race: 7 Season: 1 Race: 7 Season: 1 Race: 7 Season: 1 Race: 7 Season: 1 Race: 8 Season: 1 Race: 8 Season: 1 Race: 8 Season: 1 Race: 8 Season: 1 Race: 9 Season: 1 Race: 10 Season: 1 Race: 11 Season: 1 Race: 12 Season: 2 Race: Season 2 Preview Race 1 Season: 2 Race: Season 2 Preview Race 2 Season: 2 Race: Season 2 Preview Race 3 Season: 2 Race: 1 Season: 2 Race: 2 Season: 2 Race: 3 Season: 2 Race: 4 Season: 2 Race: 5 Season: 2 Race: 6 Season: 2 Race: 7 Season: 2 Race: 8 Season: 2 Race: 9 Season: 2 Race: 10 Season: 3 Race: Season 3 Preview Race 1 Season: 2 Race: 11 Season: 2 Race: 12 Season: 2 Race: 13 Season: 2 Race: 14 Season: 3 Race: Season 3 Preview Race 2 Season: 3 Race: Season 3 Preview Race 3 Season: 3 Race: 1 Season: 3 Race: 2 Season: 3 Race: 3 Season: 3 Race: 4 Season: 3 Race: 5 Season: 3 Race: 6 Season: 3 Race: 7 Season: 3 Race: 8 Season: 3 Race: 9 Season: 3 Race: 10 Season: 3 Race: 11 Season: 3 Race: 12 Season: 3 Race: 13 Season: 3 Race: 14 Season: 4 Race: Season 4 Preview Race 1 Season: 4 Race: Season 4 Preview Race 2 Season: 4 Race: Season 4 Preview Race 3 Season: 4 Race: 1 Season: 4 Race: 2 Season: 4 Race: 3 Season: 4 Race: 4 Season: 4 Race: 5 Season: 4 Race: 6 Season: 4 Race: 7 Season: 4 Race: 8 Season: 4 Race: 9 Season: 4 Race: 10 Season: 4 Race: 11 Season: 4 Race: 12 Season: 4 Race: 13 Season: 4 Race: 14 Season: 5 Race: Preview Race 1 220k Gift Cards CT VS FF MV: Season 5 Preview Race 2 CT VS FF MV: Season 5 Race 1 Season: 5 Race: 2 Season: 5 Race: 3 Season: 5 Race: 4 Any Key $1.8 M Season: 5 Race: 5 ASAP Password Reset Season: 5 Race: 6 Season: 5 Race: 7 Season: 5 Race: 8 Available Season: 5 Race: 9 Season: 5 Race: 10 Season: 5 Race: 11 Season: 5 Race: 12 Season: 5 Race: 13 Season: 5 Race: 14 Season: 5 Race: 15 Season: 5 Race: 16 Season: 5 Race: 17 Season: 5 Race: 18 Reward Season: 5 Race: 19 Season: 6 Race: 1 Season: 6 Race: 2 Season: 6 Race: 3 Season: 6 Race: 4 Season: 6 Race: 5 Season: 6 Race: 6 Season: 6 Race: 7 Season: 6 Race: 8 Season: 6 Race: 9 Season: 6 Race: 10 Season: 6 Race: 11 Season: 6 Race: 12 Season: 6 Race: 13 Season: 6 Race: 14 Season: 6 Race: 15 Season: 6 Race: 16 Season: 6 Race: 17 Season: 6 Race: 18 Season: 6 Race: 19 Season: 7 Race: 1 Season: 7 Race: 2 Season: 7 Race: 3 Season: 7 Race: 4 Season: 7 Race: 5 Season: 7 Race: 6 Season: 7 Race: 7 Season: 7 Race: 8 Season: 7 Race: 9 Season: 7 Race: 10 Season: 7 Race: 11 Season: 7 Race: 12 Season: 7 Race: 13 Season: 7 Race: 14